Code of conduct public officers 1999 constitution
December 28, 2006 | posted by Nigerian Muse (Archives)
Code of Conduct for Public Officers (1999 Constitution)
1999 Constitution of Nigeria
Code of Conduct for Public Officers
1. A public officer shall not put himself in a position where his personal
interest conflicts with his duties and responsibilities.
2. Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing paragraph, a public
officer shall not
receive or be paid the emoluments of any public office at the same time as he
receives or is paid the emoluments of any other public office; or
3. The President, Vice -President, Governor, Deputy Governor, Ministers of the
Government of the Federation and Commissioners of the Governments of the States,
members of the National Assembly and of the Houses of Assembly of the States,
and such other public officers or persons as the National Assembly may by law
prescribe shall not maintain or operate a bank account in any country outside
4. (1) A public officer shall not, after his retirement from public service and
while receiving pension from public funds, accept more than one remuneration
position as chairman, director or employee of -
company owned or controlled by the government; or
(b) any public authority.
retired public servant shall not receive any other remuneration from public
funds in addition to his pension and the emolument of such one remunerative
(1) Retired public officers who have held offices to which this paragraph
applies are prohibited from service or employment in foreign companies or
This paragraph applies to the offices of President, Vice-President, Chief
Justice of Nigeria, Governor and Deputy governor of a State.
(1) A public officer shall not ask for or accept property or benefits of any
kind for himself or any other person on account of anything done or omitted to
be done by him in the discharge of his duties.
for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) of this paragraph, the receipt by a public
officer of any gifts or benefits from commercial firms, business enterprises or
persons who have contracts with the government shall be presumed to have been
received in contravention of the said sub-paragraph unless the contrary is
public officer shall only accept personal gifts or benefits from relatives or
personal friends to such extent and on such occasions as are recognised by
Provided that any gift or donation to a public officer on any public or
ceremonial occasion shall be treated as a gift to the appropriate institution
represented by the public officer, and accordingly, the mere acceptance or
receipt of any such gift shall not be treated as a contravention of this
The President or Vice-President, Governor or Deputy Governor, Minister of the
Government of the Federation or Commissioner of the Government of a State, or
any other public officer who holds the office of a Permanent Secretary or head
of any public corporation, university, or other parastatal organisation shall
not accept -
loan, except from government or its agencies, a bank, building society, mortgage
institution or other financial institution recognised by law,; and
any benefit of whatever nature from any company, contractor, or businessman, or
the nominee or agent of such person:
Provided that the head of a public corporation or of a university or other
parastatal organisation may, subject to the rules and regulations of the body,
accept a loan from such body.
persons shall offer a public officer any property, gift or benefit of any kind
as an inducement or bribe for the granting of any favour or the discharge in his
favour of the public officer’s duties.
9. A public officer shall not do or direct to be done, in abuse of his office,
any arbitrary act prejudicial to the rights of any other person knowing that
such act is unlawful or contrary to any government policy.
10. A public officer shall not be a member of, belong to, or take part in any
society the membership of which is incompatible with the functions or dignity of
11. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, every public officer
shall within three months after the coming into force of this Code of Conduct or
immediately after taking office and thereafter -
at the end of every four years; and
at the end of his term of office, submit to the Code of Conduct Bureau a written
declaration of all his properties, assets, and liabilities and those of his
unmarried children under the age of eighteen years.
Any statement in such declaration that is found to be false by any authority or
person authorised in that behalf to verify it shall be deemed to be a breach of
(3) Any property or assets acquired by a public officer after any declaration
required under this Constitution and which is not fairly attributable to income,
gift, or loan approved by this Code shall be deemed to have been acquired in
breach of this Code unless the contrary is proved.
Any allegation that a public officer has committed a breach of or has not
complied with the provisions of this Code shall be made to the Code of Conduct
13. A public officer who does any act prohibited by this Code through a nominee,
trustee, or other agent shall be deemed ipso facto to have committed a breach of
14. In its application to public officers -
Members of legislative houses shall be exempt from the provisions of paragraph 4
of this Code; and
the National Assembly may by law exempt any cadre of public officers from the
provisions of paragraphs 4 and 11 of this Code if it appears to it that their
position in the public service is below the rank which it considers appropriate
for the application of those provisions.
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